The table saw plays a key role in woodworking shops by enabling users to cut different types of materials, including plywood sheets. The tool is also designed to handle crosscuts in miter or bevel without compromising on accuracy. Equipped with the right accessories, the saw can make repetitive cuts. In addition, it can be used to cut long pieces of wood.
Choosing the best table saw, requires careful consideration. Both novice and experienced woodworkers need to identify key features that meet specific requirements. Doing so provides a surefire way to make the right decision. Table saw reviews allow buyers to compare the available options based on customer and expert feedback like Protoolzone.
The blade of a table saw is fixed and the operator pushes the workpiece to make the cuts as desired. The workpiece is held on the table. To guarantee a clean cut, the unit comes with adjustable parallel guides, which are useful for making identical cuts. An attachment system adjusts the blade height according to the thickness of the material.
Types of table saws
Woodworkers can pick the right table saw from four basic variants: benchtop (jobsite), contractor, hybrid and cabinet table saws. Some of the portable options available on the market are lightweight and can be moved around easily. These units weigh less than 60 pounds and are equipped with a motor, which is directly connected to the saw. These tools are typically made of aluminum or composite materials.
Contractor table saws are heavier and have a wider work surface. They are driven by an induction motor that is quieter than portable variants. The contractor units weigh on average between 220 and 290 pounds. The motor attached to the unit can deliver power between 0.5 and 2 horsepower (hp).
Cabinet table saws are generally similar to the contractor saws in terms of size. They come with internal motors, which can last for many years. It is not uncommon to find motors on cabinet saws operating for a period of about sixty years. Motors fitted in these saws are rated at between 3 and 5 horsepower (hp)
Some tables are equipped with supports that extend the work surface. This is important for tasks that require a wider work surface. It is also vital to choose a table equipped with a mobility system, such as wheels. The power of the motor is a key factor that should not be taken for granted. A powerful saw can cut harder materials and handle heavy-duty operating cycles with ease.
It is essential to opt for a table saw that is equipped with a dust and chip extraction system. Opting for a unit with a dust collection port is important for the health of the operator.
Safety features should be carefully considered. A saw with an automatic shutdown system is a good investment because it reduces the risk of serious accidents, such as amputation.
A blade guard is designed to prevent accidents that may result in serious injuries. The clamping feature is mounted behind the saw blade and keeps the material fixed, thus ensuring precision cuts. The distance between the splitting wedge and the saw blade should not exceed 0.31 inches. The clamping mechanism also prevents workpieces from hitting the operator. The pinching or tilting of the wood should be avoided.
On the other hand, selecting the correct saw blade depends on a variety of factors, including nature of the project. Also, the blade's dimensions must match the saw on which the blade should fit.
In the next step, you determine the desired quality of cut (fine or coarse) and the material involved. The number of teeth and the coating of the blade are also key considerations.
For average cutting quality along and across the material, saw blades with 18 to 24 teeth (so-called universal blades) and interchangeable teeth can provide good results. For fine cuts, choose a saw blade with many teeth - the more teeth, the finer the cut.
Many teeth are suitable for cuts across the workpiece and thin materials. For rough, fast cuts along the material, use a saw blade with fewer teeth. Chrome vanadium steel blades are suitable for rough, fast cuts, but must be re-sharpened regularly. In addition, the blades are not suitable or approved for all saws.